If you register, you can do a lot more. And become an active part of our growing community. You'll have access to hidden forums, and enjoy the ability of replying and starting conversations.

Tramways and Tramroads in Provence/Cote d'Azur - the TAM and the TNL

Discussion in 'International Heritage Railways/Tramways' started by Roger Farnworth, Mar 30, 2018.

  1. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    It was not long before the tramways around Nice began an inexorable decline. The early 1930s saw the loss of many of the tram routes outside the city of Nice. Buses were the new thing as far as public transport was concerned. The car became gradually more important.

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2019/04/09/the-tnl-tram-network-the-beginning-of-the-decline-1927-1934-chemins-de-fer-de-provence-84
     
  2. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    Further decline in the urban tramway network in Nice occurred from the late 1920s into the 1930s. Buses became politically more acceptable than the trams. ... This post continues my reflections based on a translation of the work of Jose Banaudo from French into English. ...

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2019/10/14/the-tnl-tram-network-the-changes-in-the-urban-network-1929-1934-chemins-de-fer-de-provence-86

     
  3. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    I have been exploring the history of the Metre-gauge Tramways in Nice through reading a french-language book about their history. To do so, I have had to use translation software as my French has not improved beyond O-level standard!

    This is the next post in the series: .....

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2020/08/12/the-tnl-tram-network-chemins-de-fer-de-provence-87

    It covers the period from 1935 to the liberation by allied forces in 1944.
     
  4. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    A return to Nice is in the offing and I have turned back to books by Jose Banaudo.

    Jose Banaudo published a two volume set of books about the historic trams of Nice, “Nice au fil du Tram.”

    This is the first of a series of articles based on the second volume. (Jose Banaudo; Nice au fil du Tram, Volume No. 2: Les Hommes, Les Techniques; Les Editions de Cabri, Breil-sur-Roya, France, 2005). The books were published as French language texts, quotations directly from the books have been translated with the assistance of ‘Google Lens’ and ‘Google Translate’.

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2023/08/2...ins-de-fer-de-provence-alpes-maritimes-no-88/
     
    Johnb likes this.
  5. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    Johnb likes this.
  6. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    Jose Banaudo writes, "As an extension of the Cannes Tramway route which linked Mandelieu, Cannes and Antibes, the TNL coastal line extended from Cap-d’Antibes to the Menton district of Garavan via Cagnes, Nice, Villefranche, Beaulieu , Monaco, Cap-Martin and Menton. These juxtaposed sections formed a continuous axis of 76 km of interurban tramway which served almost the entire coastline of the Alpes-Maritimes, from the Emite of the Var department to the Italian border.”

    The linked article is the first looking at this coastal (littoral) route and looks at the length between Nice and Cap d'Antibes.

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2023/10/1...ins-de-fer-de-provence-alpes-maritimes-no-90/
     
    Johnb likes this.
  7. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    La Ligne du Littoral et ses Antennes, First Generation Electric Tramways – Nice-Monte Carlo (Chemins de Fer de Provence/Alpes-Maritimes No. 91) …

    The line between Nice and Monte Carlo opened in a series of stages. First from Monaco to Place d’Armes in Monte Carlo on 14th May 1898; then from Place Massena in Nice to Villefranche, on 1st February 1900; Villefranche to Beaulieu on 3rd November 1900; TNL trams were permitted to run on Monaco’s tramways from 28th May 1903; and the remaining length, Beaulieu to Monaco Place d’Armes opened on 7th November 1903. Over the next few years some single track lengths were doubled.

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2023/10/28/nice-monte-carlo

    Future articles will focus on two branch-lines which left the Nice to Monte Carlo line and on the extension beyond Monte Carlo to Menton.
     
    Johnb likes this.
  8. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    ilvaporista and Johnb like this.
  9. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    Monte Carlo to Menton

    Our visit to Nice in November 2023 provided the impetus for looking at the Tramways de Nice et du Littoral (TNL) network of metre-gauge tramways.

    This next article is about the most easterly part of the network, the line between Monte Carlo and Menton. ...

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2023/11/21/monte-carlo-to-menton-la-ligne-du-littoral-et-ses-antennes-first-generation-electric-tramways-chemins-de-fer-de-provence-alpes-maritimes-no-93/

    As trams travelled along this route they passed two significant local railways/tramways. ...

    1. The rack railway from Monte Carlo to La Turbie on the Grande Corniche which throughout its existence was a significant tourist line. ...

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2017/11/23/monaco-to-la-turbie-rack-railway-chemins-de-fer-de-provence-15/

    2. The Menton to Sospel branch tramway which was very different in character to the rest of the TNL network. Given that much of the line was on its own formation, it was more akin to a mountain railway than the remainder of the network. It was similar in many ways to the Tramways des Alpes Maritimes (TAM) lines which served the hinterland behind the Cote d'Azur. ...

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2018/06/0...evisited-again-chemins-de-fer-de-provence-61/

    This line will feature in a future article which looks at two of the TNL lines in the hills behind the Mediterranean coast. ...
     
    Johnb likes this.
  10. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    Johnb likes this.
  11. Roger Farnworth

    Roger Farnworth Member

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2018
    Messages:
    518
    Likes Received:
    340
    Gender:
    Male
    Location:
    Ashton -under-Lyne
    Heritage Railway Volunteer:
    No I do not currently volunteer
    The TNL (Tramways de Nice et du Littoral) had four lines which ran some distance inland from the coast. Three ran out from Nice, serving: Levens, Bendejun, and La-Grave-de-Peille. All followed valleys of the Paillon and its tributaries. As well as the line to La-Grave-de-Peille, the line to Contes and Bendejun was to have had another Branch to l'Escarene. Major work was undertaken on that line but it was never brought into use.

    A fourth line ran inland from Menton to Sospel.

    Two lines are covered in the linked article - that to Levens and that to Sospel. .....

    http://rogerfarnworth.com/2023/12/1...ins-de-fer-de-provence-alpes-maritimes-no-94/

    Another article will cover the remaining lines.
     
    Johnb likes this.

Share This Page